The Original Americans

Celebrating the 6th anniversary and over 300 postings to my blog. If you are new to the site I would encourage you to take a look at some of the earlier postings and/or check my book:Resurrecting Respect: True Patriotism

The Original Americans

The truth is that we still know very little about those that first inhabited the American Continents. Since conventional wisdom is that we all came out of Africa we must assume that these large land masses could only be populated by hominids via immigration. The same would hold true for the Continent of Australia which was inhabited no less than 48,000 years ago and possibly as early as 63,000 BC.

Meadowcroft Rockshelter is an archaeological site located near Avella in Jefferson Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania, United States. The site is a rock shelter in a bluff overlooking Cross Creek (a tributary of the Ohio River), and contains evidence that the area may have been continually inhabited for more than 19,000 years. If accurately dated, the site would be the earliest known evidence of human presence and the longest sequence of continuous human occupation in the New World.

Monte Verde is an archaeological site in southern Chile, located near Puerto MonttSouthern Chile, which has been dated to as early as 16,500 BC. Previously, the widely accepted date for early occupation at Monte Verde was ~12,500 years BC.

 This dating added to the evidence showing that the human settlement of the Americas pre-dates the Clovis culture by roughly 1000 years. This contradicts the previously accepted “Clovis first” model which holds that settlement of the Americas began after 11,500 BC.  Even more discoveries at this site suggest that it might be even older by as much as another 10,000 years.

Why would the oldest site in the Americas be in Pennsylvania? Did they just magically “pop-up” there? Did they not stop and “settle” for a while on their journey? I’m just asking. Wouldn’t the original travelers that came via a land bridge from Asia not find the climate along the Pacific coast attractive. What was wrong with California? It was not heavily populated at the time.

What about the possibility that the site in Chili being even older than the one in North America. That must be impossible, or is it?

What I imagine is that we have more to learn and that the dates will continue to grow older.

My Eight Wonders of the World (con’t) Kailasa Temple


Kailasa Temple in Ellora, Maharashtra, India, is the world’s largest monolithic piece of art. Master craftspeople carved the gigantic structure from a single piece of solid rock in a cave on a mountainside. The entire building took more than two decades to carve. There are plenty of other mind-boggling facts about this ancient wonder while some of the history behind the temple has a bit of controversy attached to it.

Architects started from the top of the mountain and worked downward to carve the structure. The painstaking process removed more than 2,000,000 tons of volcanic rock between 757 and 783 A.D., according to archaeologists. Kailasa Temple is one of 34 caves in the area carved from solid rock. Other similar caves date back as early as 300 B.C.

Kailasa Temple covers more square footage than the Parthenon in Athens. Somehow, civilizations in India came and went without anyone noticing this magnificent art until 1682.

That’s when Mughal King Aurangzeb, a Muslim, ordered the temple destroyed so he could erase all traces of it. Despite three years and 1,000 men, Kailasa Temple endured. The rock was simply too hard to demolish, even though artisans used only hammers, chisels and picks to construct it.

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Who pays for the Most Expensive Healthcare System in the World?

I’m glad you asked. The very short answer is that we all do. As I have often stated at least ½ of this cost in unnecessary and is a real “tax” on our residents. Currently our per capita cost of healthcare exceeds $11,000 per year and is over $3.5 trillion in total. The Healthcare industry is by far the largest in the USA. It is larger than banking, automotive and insurance combined.  This cost amounts to over 15% of our GDP and the per capita cost is 2 ½ times the average of the EU countries while almost all of these same countries rank higher in quality of care.

Currently approximately 39% of the total cost is subsidized by the Federal government in the form of Medicare and Medicaid.

55% of workers (about 80,000,000) have health insurance through their employers. The average cost of these policies is $7,188 for the companies and an additional $1,655 in deductibles and co-pays for employees. For employees that opt for the family policy the total cost is about $20,000 per year.

If we assume that 50% of the workers opt for a family plan then the total cost to companies and their employees amounts to about $1.15 trillion or 32% of the total.

The remaining 29% are paid in form of the Affordable healthcare plan premiums, deductibles and co-pays. Note that for lower income families some of this cost is subsidized by the government and is not included in the Medicare/Medicaid numbers. Estimates are that this will amount to an additional $100 billion in annual cost to the tax payer.

The average tax rate for the middle class in the USA is 24% and that is very low compared to the EU countries that average about 35%. However, we are paying an extra amount for substandard healthcare that amounts to another 20% in tax that someone has to fund. That tax burden is currently borne by companies and individuals in the form of insurance premiums, deductibles and co-payments.

Why are our healthcare costs so enormous you ask? For that answer I would encourage to read “Resurrecting Respect – True Patriotism” available from