Most of us will display one or more
psychopathic traits. This does not mean that we are psychopaths. However, when
a person displays half or more then there is a decent chance that the
individual is extremely dangerous.
The twenty traits on the Hare Psychopathy
pathological lying * 11. glib and superficial charm *
grandiose sense of self * 12. need for stimulation *
cunning and manipulative 13. lack of remorse or guilt *
shallow emotional response * 14. callousness and lack of empathy *
sexual promiscuity * 16. early behavior problems *
lack of realistic long-term goals * 17. impulsivity *
irresponsibility 18. failure to accept responsibility *
many short-term marital relationships 19. juvenile delinquency
revocation of conditional release 20. criminal versatility
I have tagged (*) 13 of these traits. I have emphasized a few (7) of these traits in bold type. Does this remind you of anyone? There have been numerous cult leaders that possess a majority of these traits. Their followers were not bad people, just programmed to believe that their leader could do no wrong despite considerable evidence to the contrary. If you are aware of any leader that displays a majority of these traits I would encourage you not to drink the Kool Aid at the end.
I am reminded of the lyrics from a song by one of my favorite musical
groups, Pink Floyd. Another Brick in the Wall (part II) written by Roger
“We don’t need no education
We don’t need no thought control
No dark sarcasm in the classroom
Teachers leave them kids alone
Hey! Teachers! Leave them kids alone!
All in all it’s just another brick in the wall.
All in all you’re just another brick in the wall.
………………………………….Wrong, Do it again!
If you don’t eat yer meat, you can’t have any pudding. How can you
have any pudding if you don’t eat yer meat?”
programming was gained initially through participation in a military family,
parents that grew up in the South, exposure to a maternal grandfather that was
a staunch racist, a paternal grandmother that was not and 10 years of Catholic
school education complete with required catechism classes. My programming was
further enhanced via two years of “public” high school and five years of social
(and sometime academic) exposure at University. Programming continued through
four years as an Air Force Officer, twenty years in senior management with
several firms and finally a decade plus in the accommodation industry both in
the US and in New Zealand. More recently my programming has been modified
through participation with a variety of community volunteer groups.
retrospect I question how much wisdom was gained despite the massive amount of
information exposure that occurred? In my “formative” years “I liked Ike” and a
bit later I wanted to “ask what I could do for my country”. During University I
moved a bit further to the left in my thinking. While in the Air Force I
reversed course moving back in the “right” direction. As a senior manager, then
executive and accommodation entrepreneur I continued to proceed further to the
right. During the last decade, via my volunteer participation, my views have
moderated and moved back closer to the political center.
What I now realize is that most of my view has been “influenced” by both others and by the responsibility of the various money producing positions that I held. I wonder if I really have any views that are truly my own? I find that doing my own research on a variety of topics has been very satisfying. It has been extremely difficult to set my past programming aside and I find it an ongoing struggle. My key is to ask myself what is the basis of my current view. What is the source of my information? Is it backed up by other sources? Can I say for certain that I am in touch with the facts? How much of my view is based on a belief system? Am I just another brick in the wall?
However, the purpose of the megalithic wall of
Sacsayhuaman is not the only mystery left to us by the ancient architects. The
construction technology remains to be a mystery as well. It is just 50 years
ago that the modern science, due to the input of the American researchers,
adopted the thesis that all of the known masonry techniques at the Inca
monuments pertained to Incas. Although earlier many of the researchers believed
that the cyclopean stone constructions must have been erected by a rather
developed ancient culture which existed there long before the accession of
Indeed, according to the present-day perceptions,
Incas came to the valley of Cusco and found their capital there around 1200 BC.
However, this fertile territory was densely inhabited yet before their arrival.
The archaeological research, including that conducted at the territory of
Sacsayhuaman, confirm this idea. The artefacts that were found at this
territory signify of the existence of earlier cultures, which existed there
centuries before the arrival of Incas. Even more, the Incan Empire, that spread
its power over the majority of the Western part of South America, lasted in
fact for only less than 1 century. Until the succession of Inca Pachacuti
Yupanqui to the throne (1438 – 1471) the Kingdom of Cusco was one of the many
formations in Andes, by far not the largest one. And even until then the Inca
had to survive engaging themselves into the constant wars with their closest
It is hard to imagine how the ancient Peruvians,
with the help of the most-simple tools only, managed to erect such a
magnificent building made of the monolithic stone blocks weighing dozens of
tons each. The full scope of work assumed stone-cutting works in the mines,
stone delivery to the sites (for rather long distances by the way), treatment
of stones at the site and, finally, the masonry. Sacsayhuaman is the most
sublime, but not the only existing monument of the similar cyclopean
construction. In the so-called “Tsar valley”, where Cusco is located, there
survived until our times also other monuments which comprise large megalithic
constructions – Machu Picchu, Ollantaytambo, etc. Some of them are located on
the high mountain peaks and where it is not very easy to climb to, while
transporting the several dozen stone blocks onto those steep slopes is a
mission close to impossible even in the present conditions.
One of the most famous Spanish chroniclers, Inca
Garcilaso de la Vega, in his “Los Comentarios Reales de los Incas»” described
the following incident. One of the Incan kings decided to deliver to one of the
“tired stones” to the place of the next construction site. The “tired stones” –
this is how the Inca called the large-tonnage processed monoliths which were
not yet installed into the constructions, but were laying close to them waiting
for their turn. One can find such blocks at the foot of Ollantaytambo nowadays.
So, for this mission the king appointed 20 000 Indians to drag that stone with
the help of ropes. At some place the stone fell down off the cliff and squashed
3 000 people. Naturally, one should not put too much emphasis on the specific
number of people involved into that operation, since the ancient chroniclers used
to exaggerate these figures. The major question concerns another domain:
according to this evidence, Incas were not only incapable of to construct such
tremendous buildings, but they couldn’t even transport such blocks. Even more,
in this source it is stated clearly that in the times of Incas these
constructions already existed and were already prone to major damage. Then who
and when was capable of constructing such monuments? The modern science has no
information about any civilizations existing on this territory before Inca and
which would be more advanced then Inca. A number of researchers, usually not
related to the academic circles, believe that this was created by some ancient
“megalithic civilization”, while Incas, who were the last to come to this
region, simply acquired the ancient legacy and made use of the construction
experience of the predecessors.
This hypothesis is also supported by other archaeological facts which deal, in first place, with the technology of stone treatment in the ancient times. At the foot of the tremendous walls of Sacsayhuaman there stretched a vast square. In the ancient times it was completely filled in with the various temples and residential buildings which were later disassembled by the Spaniards. From the opposite side (opposite to the walls of Sacsayhuaman) the square is bound by a rock crest Hill Suchuno. It’s a dome-like diorite formation (magmatic rock formation), who’s surface reminds of the shell of a scallop available in plenty at any seaside beach. At the different slopes of this hill, in a very solid formation there are cut the multiple footsteps and niches. The quality of the performed work is so high that it’s impossible to imagine that this was done by the stone or bronze tools. In addition, there exist no justified hypotheses regarding the purpose of such architectural constructions. For example, the so-called “throne of the Inca” – two layers of footsteps at the Eastern slope of the hill Suchuno – possesses the smoothly polished facets intersecting strictly perpendicularly which have basically not suffered any damages throughout all of the centuries (or even millenniums) of their existence. It’s worth highlighting that the solidity of diorite is higher than that of the basalt and it requires very labor-intensive processing.
During one of the trips to Sacsayhuaman, at the
Eastern slope of the hill we have discovered the strange saw cut traces in the
diorite rock. Along the edge of a crack that appeared as a result of a split of
a large piece of formation, we saw the saw cut traces left by an unknown
instrument. The cut was 1-2 centimeters deep and several meters long. For the
modern man such trace would be the sign of a disk (!) saw. But it’s impossible
to assume, that the ancient Peruvian constructors were using such tools. Neither
one can admit that these are the tracks of the modern-times restorers. Judging
by the traces, the diameter of this saw must have been not less than 1.5