Ancient Civilizations in the Americas
The oldest civilization recognized by mainstream archeologists is the Norte Chico circa 3,500 to 1,800 B.C. or about 1,700 years. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norte_Chico_civilization
The longest civilization was the Mayan circa 2,600 B.C. to about 900 C.A. or about 3,500 years, almost 1,000 years longer than Ancient Egypt. I am puzzled by this civilization that achieved so much in the areas of science, medicine, astronomy, and many other areas but totally missed out on the wheel.
The Olmecs thrived from 1,650 B.C.A. to 350 B.C.A. or about 1,300 years.
The Aztecs from 1,345 – 1,521 or about 176 years.
And then finally the Incas from 1,400 – 1,532 or about 132 years.
I am puzzled that the Incas, in such a short time, were able to have the ability to move over 20,000 massive stones (some weighing as much as 300 tons) five miles from a quarry site, across a river, and over 1,000 feet up the side of a mountain. Once there they were able to carve them so that they all fit together so close (without the use of mortar) that even a razor cannot penetrate the joints. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sacsayhuaman
Why no Wheels?
Wheels were commonplace in Africa (Egypt) as early as 3200 BC, in Europe circa 500 BC and in Egypt circa 100 BC. Why was the wheel not present in the Americas until 1500 CA?
The Mayan civilization prospered for 3,000 years. They were highly advanced in numerous areas and yet they missed out on the wheel. I’m just asking.
See the following link for a Salute to the Wheel.
Belief Systems Revisited
Belief systems tend to have a significant impact on our lives. It has always been interesting to me that where you are born will be a primary determinant of what you believe. For example: If you were born in India there is an 85% chance that you would be raised in the Hindu Faith.
Three belief systems amount to over half of the world’s population. The followers of Jesus (including Roman Catholics) comprise 2.4 billion, followers of Mohamed 1.9 billion, and followers of Vishnu (the supreme Hindu god of thousands) 1.2 billion. 5.5 billion of 7.9 billion people subscribe to one of these three beliefs.
Studies indicate that when facts and beliefs are at odds then beliefs tend to rule the day.
Historical beliefs have been traditionally viewed as myths. Early Egyptian, Roman, Greek, and Norse beliefs in multiple gods are generally viewed as misguided by current standards. And yet, to the people of those times, they were just as real as the primary belief systems of today. In one sense all of these systems are correct even though they are quite different since all that is required is a personal commitment to a dogma. However, from an objective observer who has no prior conditioning, it becomes quite confusing. Which belief system should I adopt? Which one is more accurate in absolute terms?
Perhaps the system that has endured for the longest is the best to adopt. In that case, Hinduism is, by far, the best option. Perhaps the system that has the most devotees is a better option. Christianity seems like a good option. However, the most recent may have improved on some of the older systems. Islam might be the best choice.
A remaining option would be to remain with 1.2 billion others that do not subscribe to any organized belief system.