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Ancient Civilizations

Ancient Civilizations

In the past several decades there have been a few discoveries that have caused a re-write of history. Following are a few examples:

The Kiffian culture is a prehistoric industry, or domain, that existed between approximately 8,000 BC and 6,000 BC in the Sahara Desert, during the Neolithic Subpluvial. Human remains from this culture were found in 2000 AD at a site known as Gobero, located in Niger in the Ténéré Desert.[1] The site is known as the largest and earliest grave of Stone Age people in the Sahara desert.[2]

The Indigenous Australians

Indigenous Australians are the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people of Australia, descended from groups that existed in Australia and surrounding islands before British colonization. The time of arrival of the first Indigenous Australians is a matter of debate among researchers. The earliest conclusively human remains found in Australia are those of Mungo Man LM3 and Mungo Lady, which have been dated to around 50,000 years BP. Recent archaeological evidence from the analysis of charcoal and artefacts revealing human use suggests a date as early as 65,000 BP. Luminescence dating has suggested habitation in Arnhem Land as far back as 60,000 years BP. Genetic research has inferred a date of habitation as early as 80,000 years BP. Other estimates have ranged up to 100,000 years and 125,000 years BP.

An incredible discovery was made in South Africa, around 150 km west of port Maputo. There, we find the remains of a huge metropolis that measures, according to tests, around 1500 square kilometers.                                                                                                                                                          This ancient city is, according to researchers, part of an even larger community with about 10,000 square kilometers and is believed to have been constructed 160,000 to 200,000 years before Christ.                                                                                                                                                  The region is somewhat remote and the “circles” have often been encountered by local farmers who assumed they were made by some indigenous people in the past. But, oddly, no one ever bothered to inquire about who could have made them or how old they were.             This changed when researcher and author, Michael Tellinger, in association with Johan Heine, a local fireman and pilot who had looked at these ruins for years, decided to investigate them. Heine had the unique opportunity to see these incredible structures from the air and knew that their significance was not appreciated.                                                                                          When Johan first introduced me to the ancient stone ruins of southern Africa, he had no idea of the incredible discoveries we would make in the following years. The photographs, artifacts and evidence we accumulated, point towards a lost civilization that has never before been and precedes all others – not for a few hundred years, or a few thousand years … but many thousands of years.” – Tellinger                                                                                               According to Tellinger, these discoveries are so incredible that It will need a complete paradigm shift in how we view our human history.                                                                                         The surrounding geology is interesting due to the numerous gold mines located in the vicinity. Researchers have proposed that a vanished civilization from the distant past, could have lived and proposed in that part of the world while mining gold.

The San or Saan peoples, also known as the Bushmen are members of various Khoesān-speaking indigenous hunter-gatherer groups that are the first nations of Southern Africa, and whose territories span Botswana, Namibia, Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Lesotho[2] and South Africa. There is a significant linguistic difference between the northern peoples living between the Okavango River in Botswana and Etosha National Park in northwestern Namibia, extending up into southern Angola; the central peoples of most of Namibia and Botswana, extending into Zambia and Zimbabwe; and the southern people in the central Kalahari towards the Molopo River, who are the last remnant of the previously extensive indigenous Sān of South Africa.

The ancestors of the hunter-gatherer Sān are thought to have been the first inhabitants of what is now Botswana and South Africa. The historical presence of the San in Botswana is particularly evident in northern Botswana’s Tsodilo Hills region. In this area, stone tools and rock art paintings date back over 70,000 years and are by far the oldest known art.

New Evidence Puts Man In North America 50,000 Years Ago

Date:  November 18, 2004Source:  University Of South Carolina                                                              Summary:

“Radiocarbon tests of carbonized plant remains where artifacts were unearthed last May along the Savannah River in Allendale County by University of South Carolina archaeologist Dr. Albert Goodyear indicate that the sediments containing these artifacts are at least 50,000 years old, meaning that humans inhabited North American long before the last ice age.”

There is some evidence that the first inhabitants originated from Western Europe.

Income Inequality and how the middle class has been screwed – final

Income Inequality and how the middle class has been screwed

Obviously, our country is not the only one that has screwed the middle class but the fact that our wage gap continues to widen is alarming. I think it worthwhile to see how we stack up when compared to other industrialized countries that operate within a democratic system:

UN and CIA list – income ratios and Gini indices

Key:
R/P 10%: The ratio of the average income of the richest 10% to the poorest 10%.
R/P 20%: The ratio of the average income of the richest 20% to the poorest 20%.
Gini: Gini index, a quantified representation of a nation’s Lorenz curve. A Gini index of 0% expresses perfect equality, while index of 100% expresses maximal inequality.
UN: Data from the United Nations Development Programme.
CIA: Data from the Central Intelligence Agency‘s The World Factbook.

Country UN R/P World Bank Gini [3] CIA R/P [4] CIA Gini[5] 
10%[6] 20%[7] Year 10%Year%Year
         
Australia 12.55.834.7201012.7199430.32008
Austria 6.94.930.520146.8200426.32007
Belgium 8.24.228.120148.3200025.92013 est. 
Canada 9.46.23420139.5200032.12005
Denmark 8.1428.52014122000 est.24.82011 est. 
Finland 5.63.926.820145.7200026.82008
France 9.15.232.320148.3200430.12013
Greece 10.27.135.8201410.42000 est.34.42013 est. 
Hungary 5.54.930.920145.6200224.72009
Iceland  3.625.62014  282006
Ireland 9.45.131.920149.4200033.92010
Israel 13.49.841.4201211.8200537.62012
Italy 11.66.634.7201411.7200031.92012 est. 
Japan 4.55.432.120084.5199337.92011
Netherlands 9.24.428.620149.2199925.12013
New Zealand 12.4     36.21997
Norway 6.14.126.820146200026.82010
Poland 8.8532.120148.7200234.12009
Portugal 156.435.620149.21995 est.34.22013 est. 
Slovakia 6.74.126.120146.7199625.32012
Slovenia 5.93.725.720145.9199823.72012
South Africa 33.128.463201431.9200062.52013 est. 
Spain 10.37.336201410.22000342011
Sweden 6.24.627.220146.2200024.92013
Switzerland 95.232.520138.9200028.72012 est. 
United Kingdom 13.85.434.1201413.6199932.42012
United States 18.59.441.52016142014 est.472014
 World    122002 est.382007

The US ranks highest in terms of unequal distribution of income among all of the above countries! =

The Kailasa Temple

Kailasa Temple

I recently saw a mini Doco on this and it was new to me. I thought I would pass it along. Following is taken from:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kailasa_temple,_Ellora

“The Kailasa Temple is notable for its vertical excavation—carvers started at the top of the original rock and excavated downward. The traditional methods were rigidly followed by the master architect which could not have been achieved by excavating from the front.”

 Exterior View:

Partial Interior View:

The construction has been dated to the late 8th century AD. Most experts believe that the construction effort would have taken many thousands of man years using methods that would have been available at the time!

“According to this legend, the local king suffered from a severe disease. His queen prayed to the god Ghrishneshwar (Shiva) at Elapura to cure her husband. She vowed to construct a temple if her wish was granted, and promised to observe a fast until she could see the shikhara (top) of this temple. After the king was cured, she requested him to build a temple immediately, but multiple architects declared that it would take months to build a temple complete with a shikhara. One architect named Kokasa assured the king that the queen would be able to see the shikhara of a temple within a week’s time. He started building the temple from the top, by carving a rock. He was able to finish the shikhara within a week’s time, enabling the queen to give up her fast.”