Category Archives: History

The Original Americans

Celebrating the 6th anniversary and over 300 postings to my blog. If you are new to the site I would encourage you to take a look at some of the earlier postings and/or check my book:Resurrecting Respect: True Patriotism

The Original Americans

The truth is that we still know very little about those that first inhabited the American Continents. Since conventional wisdom is that we all came out of Africa we must assume that these large land masses could only be populated by hominids via immigration. The same would hold true for the Continent of Australia which was inhabited no less than 48,000 years ago and possibly as early as 63,000 BC.

Meadowcroft Rockshelter is an archaeological site located near Avella in Jefferson Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania, United States. The site is a rock shelter in a bluff overlooking Cross Creek (a tributary of the Ohio River), and contains evidence that the area may have been continually inhabited for more than 19,000 years. If accurately dated, the site would be the earliest known evidence of human presence and the longest sequence of continuous human occupation in the New World.

Monte Verde is an archaeological site in southern Chile, located near Puerto MonttSouthern Chile, which has been dated to as early as 16,500 BC. Previously, the widely accepted date for early occupation at Monte Verde was ~12,500 years BC.

 This dating added to the evidence showing that the human settlement of the Americas pre-dates the Clovis culture by roughly 1000 years. This contradicts the previously accepted “Clovis first” model which holds that settlement of the Americas began after 11,500 BC.  Even more discoveries at this site suggest that it might be even older by as much as another 10,000 years.

Why would the oldest site in the Americas be in Pennsylvania? Did they just magically “pop-up” there? Did they not stop and “settle” for a while on their journey? I’m just asking. Wouldn’t the original travelers that came via a land bridge from Asia not find the climate along the Pacific coast attractive. What was wrong with California? It was not heavily populated at the time.

What about the possibility that the site in Chili being even older than the one in North America. That must be impossible, or is it?

What I imagine is that we have more to learn and that the dates will continue to grow older.

Lady Liberty

Lady Liberty

Currently our internal population growth rate is actually negative. It is only through immigration that we have a modest overall growth rate of .6% per annum. Our economic growth as measured by GDP has averaged over 3% per annum over the past two decades. Combined with the aging of our population and the slowing of the birthrate we need immigrants to bolster our labor force.

Prejudice against immigrants is not a new phenomenon. You might remember the movie “Gangs of New York” where the earliest immigrants considered themselves the true “Americans” and all later arrivals (like the Irish) were considered as intruders. I do wonder what the Eastern Native Americans were thinking?

My opinion is that we all need to be reminded of the words of Lady liberty:

“Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame,
With conquering limbs astride from land to land;
Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand
A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame
Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name
Mother of Exiles. From her beacon-hand
Glows world-wide welcome; her mild eyes command
The air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame.

“Keep, ancient lands, your storied pomp!” cries she
With silent lips. “Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!”

Emma Lazarus – 1883

My Eight Wonders of the World (con’t) Baalbek

The hilltop of Tell Baalbek, part of a valley to the east of the northern shows signs of almost continual habitation over the last 8–9000 years.

 The complex is located on an immense raised plaza erected 5 m (16 ft) over an earlier T-shaped base consisting of a podium, staircase, and foundation walls These walls were built from about 24 monoliths, at their lowest level weighing approximately 330 tons each. The tallest retaining wall, on the west, has a second course of monoliths containing the famous “Three Stones” a row of three stones, each over 19 m (62 ft) long, 4.3 m (14 ft) high, and 3.6 m (12 ft) broad, cut from limestone. They weigh approximately 880 tons each. A fourth, still larger stone is called the Stone of the Pregnant Woman: it lies unused in a nearby quarry 2,600 ft from the town. Its weight, is estimated at 1,100 tons.  A fifth, still larger stone weighing approximately 1,300 – 1,650 tons lies in the same quarry.

 The Three Stones weighing about 880 tons each.

How were these stones lofted in place?

 Who did it and when?

 Massive 1,100 ton Stone of the Pregnant woman  that remains near the quarry.


Largest man made stone block at Baalbek estimated at 1,300 – 1,650 tons!