Category Archives: History

The opinion of Voters

The opinion of Voters

Do our elected representatives really represent the voters? One way of looking at this issue is to view the opinion of voters and determine if our representatives actually represent the will of the people. I’m not expressing my personal opinion on any of these, just stating the facts:

70 % of voters are in favor of term limits for both the house & the Senate

63% are in favor of eliminating the Electoral College in favor of the popular vote

65% are in favor of stricter election campaign spending limits

54% are in favor of reducing the amount of time allowed for election campaigning

65% do not believe the two-party system is doing a good job for the country

65% are not in favor of increasing military spending

A vast majority are not in favor of increasing the national debt beyond the level of annual GDP

65% believe that climate change is a serious issue and is being caused by human activities

A vast majority are in favor of our elected representatives having the same set of benefits as the people they represent N

Ancient Civilizations

Ancient Civilizations

In the past several decades there have been a few discoveries that have caused a re-write of history. Following are a few examples:

The Kiffian culture is a prehistoric industry, or domain, that existed between approximately 8,000 BC and 6,000 BC in the Sahara Desert, during the Neolithic Subpluvial. Human remains from this culture were found in 2000 AD at a site known as Gobero, located in Niger in the Ténéré Desert.[1] The site is known as the largest and earliest grave of Stone Age people in the Sahara desert.[2]

The Indigenous Australians

Indigenous Australians are the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people of Australia, descended from groups that existed in Australia and surrounding islands before British colonization. The time of arrival of the first Indigenous Australians is a matter of debate among researchers. The earliest conclusively human remains found in Australia are those of Mungo Man LM3 and Mungo Lady, which have been dated to around 50,000 years BP. Recent archaeological evidence from the analysis of charcoal and artefacts revealing human use suggests a date as early as 65,000 BP. Luminescence dating has suggested habitation in Arnhem Land as far back as 60,000 years BP. Genetic research has inferred a date of habitation as early as 80,000 years BP. Other estimates have ranged up to 100,000 years and 125,000 years BP.

An incredible discovery was made in South Africa, around 150 km west of port Maputo. There, we find the remains of a huge metropolis that measures, according to tests, around 1500 square kilometers.                                                                                                                                                          This ancient city is, according to researchers, part of an even larger community with about 10,000 square kilometers and is believed to have been constructed 160,000 to 200,000 years before Christ.                                                                                                                                                  The region is somewhat remote and the “circles” have often been encountered by local farmers who assumed they were made by some indigenous people in the past. But, oddly, no one ever bothered to inquire about who could have made them or how old they were.             This changed when researcher and author, Michael Tellinger, in association with Johan Heine, a local fireman and pilot who had looked at these ruins for years, decided to investigate them. Heine had the unique opportunity to see these incredible structures from the air and knew that their significance was not appreciated.                                                                                          When Johan first introduced me to the ancient stone ruins of southern Africa, he had no idea of the incredible discoveries we would make in the following years. The photographs, artifacts and evidence we accumulated, point towards a lost civilization that has never before been and precedes all others – not for a few hundred years, or a few thousand years … but many thousands of years.” – Tellinger                                                                                               According to Tellinger, these discoveries are so incredible that It will need a complete paradigm shift in how we view our human history.                                                                                         The surrounding geology is interesting due to the numerous gold mines located in the vicinity. Researchers have proposed that a vanished civilization from the distant past, could have lived and proposed in that part of the world while mining gold.

The San or Saan peoples, also known as the Bushmen are members of various Khoesān-speaking indigenous hunter-gatherer groups that are the first nations of Southern Africa, and whose territories span Botswana, Namibia, Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Lesotho[2] and South Africa. There is a significant linguistic difference between the northern peoples living between the Okavango River in Botswana and Etosha National Park in northwestern Namibia, extending up into southern Angola; the central peoples of most of Namibia and Botswana, extending into Zambia and Zimbabwe; and the southern people in the central Kalahari towards the Molopo River, who are the last remnant of the previously extensive indigenous Sān of South Africa.

The ancestors of the hunter-gatherer Sān are thought to have been the first inhabitants of what is now Botswana and South Africa. The historical presence of the San in Botswana is particularly evident in northern Botswana’s Tsodilo Hills region. In this area, stone tools and rock art paintings date back over 70,000 years and are by far the oldest known art.

New Evidence Puts Man In North America 50,000 Years Ago

Date:  November 18, 2004Source:  University Of South Carolina                                                              Summary:

“Radiocarbon tests of carbonized plant remains where artifacts were unearthed last May along the Savannah River in Allendale County by University of South Carolina archaeologist Dr. Albert Goodyear indicate that the sediments containing these artifacts are at least 50,000 years old, meaning that humans inhabited North American long before the last ice age.”

There is some evidence that the first inhabitants originated from Western Europe.

Ancient Cultures & the “Civilization” cycle

Ancient Cultures & the “Civilization” cycle

During my early educational process, I had assumed that civilization was developed through a logical process of incremental steps from the earliest cave dwelling humanoids on to the present day which was the pinnacle. In recent years my view has changed. I now suspect that there have been numerous cycles that involved the movement toward civilized and more advanced groups of humanity only for that attempt to eventually devolve for reasons that have eluded us, or perhaps not. Did not the Greek city states & Rome have advanced architecture, engineering and enlightened forms of governance? When compared to the “Dark Ages” it appears than European civilization devolved.

Other examples of this can be seen in the Mayan and other civilizations of Mexico and Central & South America.

This above is more than circumstantial evidence which brings me to my hypothesis (one that is shared by an increasing number). We know little other than what has been recorded and much of that was documented after the fact. When tend to not believe verbal history, even though much of what was recorded in the oldest books was a recounting of verbal stories. It seems that merely writing it down provides credibility?

What I propose is that there likely have been ancient civilizations with some amazing technologies, but that knowledge has been lost. Conventional wisdom provides that the Step pyramid was the oldest and that the Giza pyramids were later improved versions. Also, that pyramids were built as tombs for various pharaohs. I suspect that the Giza pyramids were much older and the Step pyramid was an attempt to replicate that architecture at a much later date. Also, there is no direct evidence that the purpose of a pyramid was as a burial chamber as no body or even a sarcophagus has ever been found in any pyramid. The notion that the crude box found in the Great Pyramid was intended to be a sarcophagus is laughable. 

The notion that the amazing stone work at both Cusco and Machu Picchu was accomplished by the Incas seems incredible to me. Their culture was in power for a very short time (less than 100 years), they apparently could not envision using a wheel in any capacity and yet they had mastered the technology of moving a 360- ton boulder over ten miles and up a 45-degree slope for a ½ mile. Then they positioned it to fit between two other large boulders in such a way that it fit so precisely that not even a razor blade can penetrate the joints (and no mortar was used). They then positioned another level of boulders on top, some weighing over 100 tons, so that they had the same precision of fit. There are several thousand stones in the 50 – 150 ton category at the site! They went from an agrarian society to one with this technological capability in less than 100 years! Does this make any sense at all?

More on this topic in next week’s post