creation (From Conservapedia)
“The date of Creation has been debated
for many years. Separate calculations have given different answers although
most are fairly close to each other.
Basis of calculation
The Bible contains chronogenealogies from Adam to Abraham, listing the age at which each person in the genealogy
gave birth to the next person in the list, thus allowing by simple addition a
determination of how many years passed between Creation and Abraham. There are other chronological indications also, allowing that
calculation to be extended into the times of the kings, when the dates can be
correlated with other events in history for which the absolute date is known.
By this means, in theory, one can calculate the date of Creation.
The best known date of Creation is the one
calculated by Archbishop James Ussher in the 17th century – namely 6:00 p.m. Saturday, October 23, 4004 BC. Ussher calculated the year of Creation by the following means:
- He accepted the date of the death of Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon at 562 BC.
- He then assumed that Evil-Merodach began
to reign in that year.
- King Jehoiachin received a pension from Evil-Merodach
beginning in this year, and that he was taken captive 37 years before
then, or in 599 BC. (The final Fall of Jerusalem occurred eleven years later; hence Ussher places
the Fall of Jerusalem in 588 BC, not 586 BC as most secular archaeologists
- From that anchor point, Ussher worked
backward through the king lists of the Divided Kingdoms Northern and Southern. See I and II Kings.
- He worked backward further to set the
dates-of-reign of King Solomon, and calculated the Exodus of Israel at 480 years earlier than the groundbreaking of the Temple, which was in Solomon’s fourth year. This fell in 1012 BC, and so
Ussher fixed the Exodus at 1491 BC.
- Based on his interpretation of Galatians 3:17 , Ussher then fixed the date of the
entry of Abraham into Canaan. This was in 1921 BC.
- Ussher here made a key assumption that
is in great dispute. We read that Abraham was 75 years old when he
embarked into Canaan. We also read that Terah was 70 years old when he
“begat” Abraham, Nahor (the younger), and Haran. Ussher’s assumption, which added
another sixty years to the reckoning of Creation, was this: that Abraham
did not embark on his own until after Terah had died at the age of 205.
This would mean that Terah was actually 130 years old, not 70, when
Abraham was born—and presumably that Nahor the Younger or Haran was born
when Terah was 70. Ussher’s sole warrant for this assumption is that the
Bible describes Abraham’s departure after it describes Terah’s
“death.” But Terah’s “death” might be spiritual rather
than physical, in that Terah had originally intended to take all his
family out of Ur of the Chaldees and into Canaan, but forgot his purpose
and grew too accustomed to worldly enticements in the country of Haran. If
that is the case, then Abraham might have departed when Terah was still
alive—which is what the inventors of the present Hebrew calendar assumed.
- Ussher then backtracked the pedigree of
Abraham to Arphaxad, born to Shem two years after the Great Flood. He therefore concluded that the Great
Flood happened in 2349 BC.
- Finally, Ussher backtracked the
genealogy of Shem to Adam.
To arrive at the month and approximate date,
Ussher concluded that Creation must have occurred during the Autumnal Equinox, which in fact is the favorite start of many of the world’s calendars, ancient and modern. He also assumed that the ancient
Hebrews did not attempt to synchronize their months with the moon until after their exile into Babylonia. He thus calculated the date of Creation at October 23,
4004 BC according to the Julian calendar.
Because the seven days of Creation (including
one day of rest) set the pattern for our week, Ussher decided that the Creation began on the first day of the week, i.e.
Sunday. However, because the day was defined as being an “evening and
morning”, and some calendars to this day still have the days beginning at
sunset, Ussher concluded Creation actually began at what on modern western
calendars would be 6 p.m. (sunset at the equinox) on Saturday.
James Ussher’s calculation was the
best-sourced calculation in all of Christendom at the time. Ussher also spoke
with authority, and from a position of authority. For those reasons, his dates
for various Biblical events appeared in the margins of King James and other Bibles for centuries, until the last quarter
of the twentieth century, when publishers abandoned this practice. Sir Isaac Newton defended Ussher’s date.
Kepler also attempted to calculate the date using
his own methods (sadly lost to time); he worked it out to be 3992 B.C.
Such calculations in fact date from at least
the Middle Ages, and offer a range of dates from around 5000 to 4000 BC. The
date used by Eastern Orthodox Christianity is often 1 September, 5509 BC. This
was the date used as the beginning point for their calendars. Traditionalist
Catholics often use 5199 BC. Judaic tradition reckons the date of Creation at
3760 BC. Another calculation, beginning with the date of the destruction of
Jerusalem known from secular history and working backwards, arrives at 4163 BC.”
from: “https://www.conservapedia.com/index.php?title=Date_of_creation&oldid=1255166” The preceding information assumes that
the bible is an accurate historical document. Most folks date the actual
writing of the first book of Genesis at between 1200 and 900 BC. The latter
date is likely the most reasonable as there is no conclusive evidence that the
Aramaic Alphabet existed before that time. This means that only an oral account
existing for at least 3,000 years. The veracity of every detail (and likely
most details) is doubtful. If we place any value on the scientific evidence of
creation of the Universe, the Galaxy and our Planet then common sense will
dictate that the time frame is far off. This does not mean that certain
elements of the bible are inaccurate. Many elements of the text that closely
correspond to the Sumerian tablets. The
Sumerian tablets were written several thousands of years before the bible!